Download A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon PDF

By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the center a long time usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or merely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that - even though this type of declare is unavoidably rash. even though, it's been designed within the wish that it'll be of actual support to non-academic readers, and from time to time perhaps even to experts. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and govt, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are often present in sleek books of background of the interval; equally, the suitable that means of previous English and center English phrases could elude ultra-modern reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that figuring out the foundation and evolution of a note offers a greater understanding....

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Extra info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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Next Armigerous. Term used now for someone entitled to bear heraldic arms. – Cf. previous Armil. A bracelet, part of the royal *regalia; also, later, a stole used at coronations, made of cloth of gold, which indicated the sacerdotal aspect of a king conferred by anointing. Arms, Assize of. 1181. This *assize extended the obligations of military equipment and service to those not previously affected. Under *fyrd law, only free landholders had been liable. This assize summoned all burgesses, all freeholders, regardless of wealth; also included were artisans and traders with income of 10 marks or more a year.

A term coined by Gaston Paris in the late 19c to describe the kind of adoration found, for example, in Chrétien de Troyes’s romances and the Roman de la Rose. – Cf. COURTLY LOVE Ampula [ampulla]. A small container or phial of water. These were sold as souvenirs for pilgrims to take home; at Canterbury ampulae of ‘Becket water’ were considered to have medicinal or miraculous powers. The word was also used of the containers of the sacramental oils. Anarchy. A large part of King Stephen’s reign from approximately 1135 to 1154 is so called, although a better term might well be civil war.

Having received the *pallium it was expected that he should go to Rome every three years, if possible. Ad malam. Lit. ‘at rent’. The term used in records and accounts for land rented out. The OE word, mal, was simply latinised. [< OE mal = rent] – Cf. AD OPUS; MALMAN Ad opus. Lit. ‘at work’. e. being worked. – Cf. AD MALAM; MALMAN Ad pondum. Lit. ‘by weight’. Method of payment in which coins were weighed, rather than counted. Latin pondus = pound, from which our monetary pound. – Cf. TALE Ad quod damnum.

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