By Julie Coleman
The ebook of Francis Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue revolutionized the lexicography of non-standard English. His impact is felt in lots of the dictionaries lined during this quantity which reproduction, variously, his conscientiously documented reliance on written resources, his thrilled revelation of first-hand adventure of the seedier facet of London lifestyles, and his word-list. in this interval, glossaries of cant are thrown into the color by means of dictionaries of slang, which come with the language of thieves, yet hide a much wider spectrum of non-standard English. whereas cant represented a realistic chance to estate and lifestyles, slang was once an ethical danger to the very constitution of society. within the 1820s, Pierce Egan's existence in London validated how renowned and winning slang literature may be one of the lots. This quantity additionally comprises the earliest Australian and American slang glossaries, by way of contributors like James Hardy Vaux (a convict transported thrice) and George Matsell (New York's first leader of police).
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Additional info for A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries, Volume II: 1785-1858
This censorship is not entirely consistent. Prick is presented both as p—k and *****, for example, and cunt both as c**t and ****. However, the level of obscuration accorded to individual terms does give some indication of relative obscenity. 5 per cent) contain etymologies, which are spread fairly evenly through the alphabet. 5). For example: ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE, who carries his flag on his mainmast, a landlord or publican wearing a blue apron, as was formerly the custom among gentlemen of that vocation.
WEEZLE FACED, thin meagre faced; weezle gutted, thin bodied. A weasel is a thin long slender animal with a sharp face. Proper names account for a further 20 per cent of Grose’s etymologies. Some of these are correct: TAWDRY, garish, gawdy, with lace, or staring and discordant colours; a term said to be derived from the shrine and altar of St. Audrey, (an Isle of Ely saintess) which for finery exceeded all others thereabouts, so as to become proverbial, whence any fine dressed man or woman was said to be all St.
Kittle pitchering is often practised in confederacy, one relieving the other, by which the design is rendered less obvious. Other customs include games played at country fairs, often involving cruelty to animals, and already being suppressed by changes in popular sentiment: GOOSE RIDING, a goose whose neck is greased being suspended by the legs to a cord tied to two trees or high posts, a number of men on horseback riding full speed attempt to pull off the head, which if they effect, the goose is their prize.